Elisa Susanti, Ridho Harta, Ari Karyana, Mas Halimah



This study aims to design educational videos and to determine the elements that exist in educational videos to be effective to improve students’ understanding, especially for distance learning students. The case study was carried out in the study program of Public Administration of the Indonesia Open University. The research method is evaluation research with descriptive quantitative approach. Through this method, an assessment of the activities and/or outcomes of video design was conducted, as a means to provide feedback for some improvement in video design. The steps in this research were input measurement (video design), output measurement, and outcome measurement (measurement of improvement of student understanding). Data collection techniques included pre-test, posttest, questionnaire, interview, and observation. The results showed that the three designed videos are able to improve student understanding. In order to be effective in enhancing student understanding, video learning elements must include aspects of content, video duration, video media forms, color usage, music and illustrations, presenters, language use, and video-based assignments.



Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendesain video pembelajaran dan menentukan unsur-unsur yang terdapat dalam video pembelajaran pada pendidikan jarak jauh sehingga dapat efektif untuk meningkatkan pemahaman mahasiswa. Studi kasus dilakukan di Program Studi Administrasi Publik Universitas Terbuka Indonesia. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah desain penelitian evaluatif dengan pendekatan kuantitatif deskriptif. Melalui metode ini dilakukan penilaian sistematis terhadap kegiatan dan atau hasil dari suatu program perancangan video sebagai sarana untuk memberikan kontribusi untuk perbaikan perancangan video. Langkah-langkah dalam penelitian ini adalah pengukuran input (berupa perancangan video), pengukuran output, dan pengukuran outcome (berupa pengukuran peningkatan pemahaman mahasiswa). Teknik pengumpulan data yaitu pre test, post test, angket, wawancara, dan observasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ketiga desain video yang telah dirancang mampu untuk meningkatkan pemahaman mahasiswa. Agar dapat efektif dalam meningkatkan pemahaman mahasiswa, unsur-unsur yang terdapat dalam video pembelajaran harus meliputi aspek konten, durasi video, bentuk media video, penggunaan warna, music dan ilustrasi, presenter, penggunaan bahasa, dan penugasan melalui video. 




media pembelajaran, video pembelajaran yang efektif, pendidikan jarak jauh

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)


Moore, W.A. & Smith, A.R. (2012). Effects of video podcasting on psychomotor and cognitive performance, attitudes and study behavior of student physical therapists. Innovations in Education and Teaching International 49, 401-414.

Allen, E. & Seaman, J. (2008). Staying the course: Online education in the United States. United States : The Sloan Consortium and Babson Research.

Bertot, J. C., & McClure, C. R. (2003). Outcomes assessment in the networked environment: Research questions, issues, considerations, and moving forward. Library Trends, 51(4), 590–613.

Brame, C.J. (2016). Effective educational videos: principles and guidelines for maximizing student learning from video content. CBE life sciences education, 15(4), es6.

Bušelić, M. (2012). Distance learning–concepts and contributions. Oeconomica Jadertina 1(2), 23-34.

Brecht, D. (2012). Learning from online video lectures. Journal of Information Technology Education: Innovations in Practice, 11(2012), 227-250.

Farisi, M.I. (2014). Students’ performace at tutorial online of social studies throuhg the use of learning cycle model. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE, 15(4), 229-247.

Geri, N., Gadot, R., & Winer, A.( 2013). Home and away: can online video-based learning reduce the distance? Proceedings of the Chais conference on instructional technologies research 2013. The Open University of Israel.

Harper, K.C., Chen, K., Yen, D. (2004). Distance learning, virtual classrooms, and teaching pedagogy in the internet environment. Technology in Society 26(4),585–598.

Ho, W.C. (2007). Music student’s perception of the use of multi-media technology at the graduate level in Hongkong Higher Education. Asia Pacific Education Review. 8(1), 12–26.

Hsin, W.J. & Cigas J. (2013). Short videos improve student learning in online education. Journal of Computing Sciences in Colleges, 28, 253-259.

Kay, R.H. 2012. Exploring the use of video podcasts in education: A comprehensive review of the literature. Computers in Human Behavior 28, 820-831.

Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 2013. Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Republik Indonesia Nomor 109 Tahun 2013 Tentang Penyelenggaraan Pendidikan Jarak Jauh Pada Pendidikan Tinggi.

Kementerian Riset, Teknologi, dan Pendidikan Tinggi. (2016). Panduan Pelaksanaan Pendidikan Jarak Jauh 2016. Direktorat Jenderal Pembelajaran dan Kemahasiswaan.

Kim, K.J., Bonk, C.J. & Teng, Y.T. (2009). The present state and future trends of blended learning in workplace learning settings across five countries. Asia Pacific Education Review, 10(3), 299-308.

Koumi, J. (2006). Designing video and multimedia for open and flexible learning. New York: Routledge Lestari, E.P., Nupikso, G., Riyani, E.I. (2015). Pengaruh penggunaan bahan ajar online terhadap prestasi mahasiswa Universitas Terbuka. Jurnal Pendidikan Terbuka Dan Jarak Jauh, 16(1), 1-9.

Lloyd, S.A. & Robertson, C.L. (2012). Screencast tutorials enhance student learning of statistics. Teaching of Psychology, 39(1), 67-71. 0098628311430640.

Mayer, R.E. & Moreno R. (2003). Nine ways to Reduce Cognitive Load in Multimedia Learning. Educational Psychologist 38, 43-52. Rackaway, C. (2012). Video killed the textbook star? Use of multimedia supplements to enhance student learning. Journal of Political Science Education 8, 189-200.

Rahmadi, I.F. (2013). Penerapan E-Learning Dalam Sistem Pendidikan Jarak Jauh Pada Mata Kuliah Pendidikan Agama Islam (Studi Kasus Tutorial Online di Universitas Terbuka). Skripsi Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.

Schmid, R.F., Bernard, R.M., Borokhovski, E., Tamim, R.M., Abrami, P.C., Surkes, M.A., Wade, C.A., & Woods, J. (2014). The effects of technology use in postsecondary education: A meta-analysis of classroom applications. Computers & Education, 72(c), 271-291.

Steimberg, Y., Guterman, E., Mermelstein, B., Brickner, R., Alberton, Y., & Sagi, R. (2010). Students’ perspective on teaching and learning with video technology at the Open University of Israel. Proceedings of the Chais Conference on Instructional Technologies research. The Open University of Israel.

Sweller, J. (1989). Cognitive technology: Some procedures for facilitating learning and problemsolving in mathematics and science. Journal of Educational Psychology, 81(4), 457-466.

Thaib, D., Wahyudin, D., Rahmawati, Y. & Riyana, C. (2016). Studi analisis kebutuhan terhadap pengembangan model blended learning pada sistem pendidikan jarak jauh untuk meningkatkan kompetensi lulusan. EduHumaniora: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar, 8(2), 107-125.

Woolfitt, Z. (2015). The effective use of video in higher education. Lectoraat Teaching, Learning and Technology Inholland University of Applied Sciences.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

View My Stats

Copyright of Balitbang Kemendikbud © 2016

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.