GAYA MENGAJAR GURU PEMULA DAN GURU PROFESIONAL DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA

Siti Nafsul Muthmainnah, Marsigit Marsigit

Abstract


Guru pemula dan guru profesional mempunyai gaya mengajar yang beragam dalam melakukan pembelajaran dikelas. Tidak ada seorang guru yang seketika terlahir menjadi guru yang profesional. Untuk menjadi seorang guru profesional  membutuhkan banyak pengetahuan, pengalaman dan keterampilan. Hal inilah yang menjadikan perbedaan gaya mengajar antara guru pemula dan guru profesional. Sehubungan dengan hal tersebut, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis gaya mengajar guru pemula dan guru profesional dalam pembelajaran matematika. Gaya mengajar sendiri dibedakan menjadi 6 gaya mengajar, yaitu exposition, discussion, practice, practicalwork, investigation, dan inclusion. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif menggunakan metode grounded theory melalui observasi pembelajaran dan wawancara. Populasi penelitian ini adalah seluruh guru matematika di Kabupaten Klaten. Sampel penelitian adalah 5 orang guru matematika pemula dan 8 guru matematika profesional di Kabupaten Klaten yang dipilih dengan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa guru pemula menggunakan 5 gaya mengajar, sedangkan guru professional menggunakan 6 gaya mengajar dalam pembelajaran matematika. Guru pemula mempunyai kelemahan dalam perencanaan pembelajaran jangka panjang. Hal ini membuat guru pemula tidak menggunakan gaya mengajar investigation dalam pembelajarannya. Dapat diambil kesimpulan bahwa pengalaman mengajar membuat guru pemula dan guru professional menggunakan gaya mengajar yang berbeda.

Keywords


Gaya mengajar; guru pemula; guru profesional

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24832%2Fjpnk.v3i2.896

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