Dampak Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Guru terhadap Mutu Peminat

Rumtini --


This study is aimed to provide better policy recommendations related to the government efforts in encouraging high schools graduations with high academic achievement to enroll teacher training institutes. Study used data from the impact evaluation of the teachers living standards improvement on the quality of input. The overview were aimed to measure the extent of which high school graduaters enrolled to teachers’ colleges. Survei approach was implemented to collect data from the two sources, Student Administration Bureau and students of 1st, 3rd, 5th, and 7th by 2011. Findings showed that there were increasing sharfly numbers of enrollements to teachers’ colleges during 2008-2011, especially for primary school teachers program. However, in term of quality, there were only slightly increased on quality of teachers’ candidate shown by the slight increase of high schools’ students’ rank of those who were in the 7th semester compared to 1st semester. Policy options will be: only high quality teacher training insitute are eligible to open the program; high knowledgeable and skills on curriculum content and pedagogic; student loan scheme; hiring teachrs of both local and outside with centralized teacher management; teachers’ contract for the remote, border, and outer areas.




Penelitian bertujuan merumuskan saran kebijakan dalam upaya peningkatan peminat profesi guru berkualitas pada Lembaga Penghasil Tenaga Kependidikan. Penelitian difokuskan pada kuantitas dan kualitas lulusan sekolah lanjutan tingkat atas yang mendaftar pada beberapa prodi pendidikan. Melalui survei, informasi dikumpulkan dari dua sumber data, yaitu Badan Administrasi Kemahasiswaan dan mahasiswa prodi kependidikan dan non-prodi kependidikan, khususnya semester 1, 3, 5, dan 7 pada tahun 2011. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat peningkatan kuantitas dan kualitas peminat profesi guru khususnya mahasiswa kependidikan. Secara kuantitas, terjadi peningkatan tajam jumlah pendaftar kependidikan terutama prodi Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar. Pada sisi kualitas, terdapat peningkatan lebih baik ranking ketika di sekolah lanjutan tingkat atas pada sebagian mahasiswa semester awal dibandingkan mahasiswa semester akhir, meskipun mayoritas mahasiswa kependidikan masih berasal dari mereka yang memiliki ranking bawah ketika di sekolah lanjutan tingkat atas. Beberapa opsi kebijakan antara lain: perlunya pengetatan perizinan pendirian LPTK mengedepankan kriteria “mutu”; persyaratan ketat terhadap penguasaan konten dan pedagogis; pemberlakukan skema kredit mahasiswa; peluang guru selain dari unsur daerah, dibuka peluang guru dari wilayah Jawa dengan pengelolaan terpusat; memberlakukan guru kontrak dari wilayah Jawa ke wilayah 3T (terdepan, terluar, dan terpencil).


impact evaluation, living standards of teacher, quality of input, programs, primary school teacher program, dampak evaluasi, kesejahteraan guru, mutu peminat, prodi, pendidikan guru sekolah dasar.

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)


Beleille, Tara and Loeb, Susanna. 2009. Teacher Quality and Teacher Labor Markets. In Handbook of Education Policy Research. In Sykes, G., Schneider, B., Plank, D.N., & Ford, T. G. (Eds), Handbook of Education Policy Research. American Educational Research Association, 596-612.

Boyd, D., Grossman, P., Lankford, H., Loeb, S., Wyckoff, J. 2006. How Changes in Entry Requirenments Alter the Teacher Workforce and Affect Student Achievement. Education Finance and Policy, 1 (2), 176-216.

Creemers, B.P.M. 1994. The effective classroom. London: Cassell.

Darling-Hammond, L. 1997. Doing what matters most: investing in quality teaching. New York: National Commission on Teaching & America’s Future.

Darling-Hammond, L. 2006. Securing the right to learn: Policy and practice for powerful teaching and learning. Educational Researcher, 35(7), 13-24.

Goldhaber, D. 2002. The Mystery of Good Teaching: The evidence shows that goof teachers make a clear difference in student achievement. The problem is that we don’t really know what makes a good teacher. Education Next, 2 (1), 50-55.

Goe, Laura and Stickler, Leslie. 2008. Teacher Quality and Student Achievement: Making the Most of Recent Research. Research & Policy in Brief: Teacher Quality and Student Achievement. National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality. Washington DC.

Goe, Laura. 2007. The Link Between Teacher Quality and Student Outcomes. Washington, DC: National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Training. www.ncctg.org/link.php (June 5th, 2014)

Groves, R.M., Flower, F.J., Couper, M.P., Lepkowski, J.M, Singer, E., & Tourangeau, R. 2004. Survey Methodology. Weley Series I Survey Mathodology. A John Wiley & Sons. Inc., Publication.

Heck, Ronald H. 2007. Examining the Relationship Between Teacher Quality as an Organizational Property of Schools and Students’ Achievement and Growth Rates. Educational Administration Quarterly 43(4), 399-432.

Harris, A. &Muijs, D. 2005. Improving schools through teacher leadership. London: Open University Press.

Laczko-Kerr, I. and Berliner, David, C. 2002. The Effectiveness of “Teach for America” and Other Undercertified Teachers on Student Academic Achievement: A Case of Hatmful Public Policy. Education Policy Analysis Archives, 10(37).

Loeb, Susanna. 2001. Teacher Quality: Its Enhancement and Potential for Improving Pupil Achievement. In Monk, D.H., Walberg, H.J. (Eds). Improving Educational Productivity, IAP & LSS, 99-114.

Luyten, J.W. & Snijders, T.A.B. 1996. School effects and teacher effects in Dutch elementary education. Educational Research and Evaluation, 2: 1-24.

Marzano, R.J. 2007. The art and science of teaching. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Pigozzi, M. J. 2010. Implementing the UN Decade of Education for Sustainable Development (DESD): Achievement, open questions and strategies for the way forward. Int Rev Educ (online: 8 June 2010). Programme for International Student Assessment. 2012. Results in Focus: What 15-year-olds know and what they can do with what they know. http://www.oecd.org/pisa/keyfindings/pisa-2012-results-overview.pdf (June 3rd, 2014)

Rowan, B., Correnti, R., and Millar, Robert J. 2002. What Large-Scale, Survei Research Tells Us About Teacher Effects on Student Achievement: Insights From the Prospects Study of ElementarySchools. Teachers College Record 104 (8), 1525-1567.

Rumtini, S. 2010. Aligning Instructional Practices with Content Standards in Junior Secondary Schools in Indonesia. Disertasi.

Smith, T. M., Desimone, L. M., & Ueno, K. 2005. “Highly qualified” to do what? The relationship between NCLB teacher quality mandates and the use of reform-oriented instruction in middle School Mathematics. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 27(1), 75-109.

Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 14 Tahun 2005 tentang Guru dan Dosen.

UNESCO. 2005. Cross-national Studies of the Quality of Education: Planning their design and managing their impact. International Institute for Educational Planning: http:www.unesco.org/iip (20 Maret 2014).

UNESCO. 1990. World Conference on Education for All. www.un.org/en/development/devagenda/education, diakses 5 Juni 2014.

Van der Werf, M.P.C., Creemers, B.P.M., De Jong, R., & Klaver, L. 2000. Evaluation of school improvement through an educational effectiveness model: The case of Indonesia’s PEQIP project. Comparative Education Review, 44(3), p. 329–356.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24832%2Fjpnk.v20i2.139


  • There are currently no refbacks.

View My Stats

Copyright of Balitbang Kemendikbud © 2016

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.