PANDANGAN GURU DALAM PENGEMBANGAN KURIKULUM PENDIDIKAN KHUSUS

Sutjipto Sutjipto

Abstract


The purpose of this research is to comprehensively examine the views of special school teachers in the development of special educational curricula on the design and principles. The research involved fourty three teachers froms eight different special schools. Data was collected through forum group discussion dan analyzed by descriptive qualitative method. The results show, first, from the teacher’s point of view, that in designing a special educational curriculum for learners with special needs it should contain practical knowledge, moral character qualities and performance, essential skills, competence, art, and literacy praxis. Secondly, flexibility, functionality, independence, literacy, and vocational are the principles of developing a special education curriculum for learners with special needs. 

Abstrak

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji secara komprehensif pandangan guru sekolah luar biasa dalam pengembangan kurikulum pendidikan khusus pada dimensi perancangan dan asasnya. Penelitian melibatkan empat puluh tiga guru sekolah luar biasa dari delapan sekolah. Data dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan teknik diskusi kelompok terpumpun dan teknik analisis data menggunakan deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dari sudut pandang guru dalam perancangan kurikulum pendidikan khusus untuk peserta didik berkebutuhan khusus harus mengandung muatan-muatan pengetahuan praktis, kualitas karakter moral dan kinerja, keterampilan penting, kompetensi, seni, dan praksis literasi. Selain itu, keluwesan, fungsional, kemandirian, literasi, dan kejuruan merupakan asas-asas pengembangan kurikulum pendidikan khusus bagi peserta didik berkebutuhan khusus.



Keywords


teachers’ views, curriculum development, curriculum principles, special education, pandangan guru, pengembangan kurikulum, azas kurikulum, pendidikan khusus

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24832%2Fjpnk.v3i1.656

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