PENGEMBANGAN PENDEKATAN DIKLAT BAHASA INGGRIS UNTUK PENINGKATAN KAPASITAS PESERTA DIKLAT

Irene - Nusanti

Abstract


The purposes of this article are to provide a description of developing an approach: 1) for self development-based English learning using daily routines as the topic, and 2) for self development-based English learning practice to develop the capacity of the training participants. So far, English training is more concentrated on the mastery of English and how to teach it. Therefore, it is proposed to develop an approach focusing on learning English to optimize the development of oneself by implementing tasks given. The study of self development-based English learning was done through a comprehensive analysis on literature study towards a number of references relating to concept of training, selfdevelopment concept, daily habits, and theory of learning. The study towards concept of training reminds us that design and content of training must be adopted to the shifting era which trains the participants to develop thinking skills in order to solve the problems in their lives. Self-development concepts show that the practice of good values on daily basis will make the training participants develop their capacity. The study towards daily habits expose that people become what they do daily consciously or unconsciously. While the study towards learning theory shows that learning will be more beneficial if the training participants know the benefit of what they learn. Thus, it can be concluded, the study of self development-based English learning with the emphasis on putting powerful daily routines into practice can be used to develop the capacity of the training participants through powerful daily routines.

 

Abstrak:

 

Penulisan artikel ini bertujuan untuk: 1) memberikan gambaran tentang pengembangan pendekatan pendidikan dan latihan bahasa Inggris berbasis pengembangan diri dengan topik ‘daily routines’, 2) memberikan gambaran tentang pengembangan pendekatan praktik pembelajaran bahasa Inggris berbasis pengembangan diri untuk mengembangkan kapasitas peserta diklat. Selama ini, diklat bahasa Inggris lebih menitikberatkan pada penguasaan bahasa dan pengajaran bahasa Inggris. Untuk itu, dikembangkan pendekatan dengan fokus pada pembelajaran bahasa Inggris yang mengarahkan pada optimalisasi pengembangan diri pribadi melalui tugas-tugas yang dilakukan. Pendekatan tulisan terhadap pembelajaran bahasa Inggris berbasis pengembangan diri dilakukan dengan studi pustaka secara komprehensif terhadap sejumlah referensi terkait dengan konsep diklat, konsep pengembangan diri, kebiasaan sehari-hari, dan teori belajar. Tulisan tentang  konsep diklat mengingatkan kita bahwa desain dan konten diklat harus disesuaikan dengan perkembangan zaman yang melatih peserta diklat untuk mengembangkan keterampilan berpikir dalam menyelesaikan permasalahan yang dihadapi. Konsep pengembangan diri menunjukkan bahwa melalui praktik kebiasaan sehari-hari yang baik akan membuat kapasitas peserta diklat berkembang. Berdasarkan teori belajar ditunjukkan bahwa pembelajaran akan lebih bermanfaat jika peserta diklat mengetahui keuntungan dari apa yang dipelajari.  Disimpulkan bahwa tulisan pengembangan pendekatan pembelajaran bahasa Inggris berbasis pengembangan diri dapat digunakan untuk mengembangkan kapasitas peserta diklat melalui praktik kebiasaan sehari-hari yang berbobot.


Keywords


concept of training, capacity development, daily routines, konsep pelatihan, pengembangan kapasitas, kebiasaan sehari-hari

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)

References


Abduljabar, B. 2014. Memperkokoh Pendidikan Karakter melalui Mediasi Aktivitas Jasmani Berbasis Nilai. Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter, IV(3),97–107, http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/jpka/ article/view/2180, diakses 21 Januari 2016.

Al-Issa, A. 2012. Re-conceptualilzing English Language Teaching Teacher Education and Development in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries: Addressing Transformations and Challenges. International Journal of Arts & Sciences, 5 (5), 537-559.

Aulawi, H., Govindaraju, R., Suryadi, K., & Sudirman, I. 2009. Hubungan Knowledge Sharing Behavior dan Individual Innovation Capability. Jurnal Teknik Industri, 11(2), 174-187.

Bergenwall, A.L., Kelloway, E.K., & Barling, J. 2014. Odd Jobs, Bad Habits, and Ethical Implications: Smoking-Related Outcomes of Children’s Early Employment Intensity. Journal of Business Ethics, 122(2),269-282.

Caldwell, C., Dixon, R. D., Atkins, R., & Dowdell, S. M. 2011. Repentance and Continuous Improvement: Ethical Implications for the Modern Leader. Journal of Business Ethics, 102 (3), 473-487.

Chalid, M.N.H. 2014. Soft Skills, Intercultural Competency and Transnational Education: An Australian-Indonesian Case Study. International Journal of Arts & Sciences, 7(1),359373.

Chalikandy, M.A. 2014. Reflection: A Tool for Professional Development. Researchers World, M5(3),117-124, http://www.researchersworld.com/vol5/issue3/Paper_15.pdf, diakses 26 Oktober 2017.

Chen, S., Chen A., & Zhu, X. 2012. Learners Motivated in Physical Education? A Meta-Analysis. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport. 83(1),36-48.

Dimyati. 2014. Kemampuan Guru Pendidikan Jasmani. Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter, IV (3), 245– 251, https://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/jpka/article/view/5629/4864, diakses 21 Januari 2016.

Eaton, D.G.M. 2013. Managing difficult issues: does training have any impact? Archieve of Disease in Childhood. 98(1). El-Kafafi, S. 2012. Assessment: The Road to Quality Learning. World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development; 9(2),99-107.

Hamdu, G. & Agustina, L. 2011. Pengaruh Motivasi Belajar Siswa terhadap Prestasi Belajar IPA di Sekolah Dasar (Studi Kasus terhadap Siswa Kelas IV SDN Tarumanagara). Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan. 12(1),81–86, http://jurnal.upi.edu/file/8-Ghullam_Hamdu1.pdf, diakses 25 Oktober 2016.

Harun, H. 2006. Minat, Motivasi dan Kemahiran Mengajar Guru Pelatih. Jurnal Pendidikan Malaysia, 31, 83–96, http://journalarticle.ukm.my/184/1/1.pdf, diakses 26 Oktober 2016.

Jalaludin. 2012. Membangun SDM Bangsa melalui Pendidikan Karakter. Jurnal Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, 13(2),1-13 http://jurnal.upi.edu/file/jalaludin.pdf, diakses 24 Oktober 2017.

Jalilifar, A., Nattaq, Fs. 2013. Reflective Teaching in the Context of a Video Club: Nurturing Professional Relationships and Building a Learner Community. International Journal of Society, Culture & Language, 1(2),51-68, http://www.ijscl.net/ article_2699_579d5925fd77cbaa2fa7f9851bc672b7.pdf, diakses 3 Agustus 2017.

Keymer, J.B. 2010. Species Extinction and the Vice of Thoughtlessness: The Importance of Spiritual Exercises for Learning Virtue. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 23(1-2),61-83. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10806-009-9190-5, diakses 1 Agustus 2017.

Marques, J. 2013. Understanding the Strength of Gentleness: Soft-Skilled Leadership on the Rise. Journal of Business Ethics. 116(1)163-171. https://link.springer.com/ search?query=Understanding+the+Strength+of+Gentleness%3A+SoftSkilled+Leadership+on+the+Rise, diakses 25 Oktober 2017.

Marzuki. 2012. Pengintegrasian Pendidikan Karakter dalam Pembelajaran di Sekolah. Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter, II(1),33–44. http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/jpka/article/view/ 1450, diakses 21 Januari 2016. Maxwell, J. 2009. How Successful People Think. New York: Hatchette Book Group.

Maxwell, J. 2014. How Successful People Grow. New York: Center Street.

Meyer, J. 2010. Power Thought. New York: Faithwords, Hatchette Book Group Meyer, J. 2011. Living Beyond Feeling. New York: Faith Words, Hatchette Book Group Meyer, J. 2013. Making Good Habits. New York: Faith Words, Hatchette Book Group.

Meyer, J. 2015a. Get Your Hopes Up. New York: Faith Words, Hatchette Book Group.

Meyer, J. 2015b. Power Words. New York: Faith Words, Hatchette Book Group.

Mulisa, F. 2015. The Prevalence of Academic Dishonesty and Perceptions of Students towards its Practical Habits: Implication for Quality of Education. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal, 4(2), 309-315.

Murni, S. M. 2014. Entertaining Impoliteness in Indonesia Lawak Klub: A Metaphor of Sport Games. Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 15(1),23-28, http://ejournal.unsri.ac.id/index.php/ lingua/article/view/1995/837, diakses 31 Oktober 2017.

Mutaqin. 2014. Implementasi Pendidikan Karakter dalam Pembelajaran Berbasis Projek untuk Meningkatkan Soft Skill Mahasiswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter, IV(3),185–199, http:// journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/jpka/article/view/2795, diakses 21 Januari 2016.

Nash C.S, Sproule, J, Horton, P. 2011. Excellence in Coaching: The Art and Skill of Elite Practitioners. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 82(2), 229-238, https:// search.proquest.com/results/8643E2EFAA66470APQ/1?accountid=38628, diakses 31 Oktober 2017.

Nasser, ZS. 2014. Improving Students’ Emotional Intelligence and Academic Achievement: The Self-Science Program. International Journal of Arts & Science; 7(6),1–38.

Ningrum, A.S.B. 2012. Teaching Extensive Reading Program with Character Building Theme: from zero to hero. Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter. II(3),293–303, http://journal.uny.ac.id/ index.php/jpka/article/view/1247/1048, diakses 24 Oktober 2016.

Nonet, G., Kassel, K., Meijs, L. 2016. Understanding Responsible Management: Emerging Themes and Variations from Europian Business School Programs. Journal of Business Ethics, 139(4),717-736.

Nurgiyantoro, B. 2011. Wayang dan Pengembangan Karakter Bangsa. Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter, I(1),18-34, http://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/jpka/article/view/1314, diakses 19 Agustus 2016.

Osteen, J. 2012. I Declare. New York: Hatchette Book Group. Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan Nasional. 2007. Standar Kualifikasi Akademik dan Kompetensi Guru.

Perrin, R. 2007. Words, Words, Words: Helping Students Discover the Power of Language. English Journal, High School Edition, 96(3),36-39.

Rahman, B. 2014. Refleksi Diri dan Peningkatan Profesionalisme Guru. Jurnal Paedagogia, 17 (1),1–12, http://jurnal.fkip.uns.ac.id/index.php/paedagogia/article/view/5256/3719, diakses 26 Oktober 2017.

Rajwant, V.N. 2013. Reflective Education and Learning. Global Online Electronic International Interdisciplinary Research Journal (GOEIIRJ), Special Issue II, 217-221, http:// goeiirj.com/upload/oct2013/42.pdf, diakses 18 Oktober 2016.

Salirawati, D. 2012. Percaya Diri, Keingintahuan, dan Berjiwa Wirausaha: Tiga Karakter Penting bagi Peserta diklat. Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter, II(2),213-224. https://journal.uny.ac.id/ index.php/jpka/article/view/1305/1086, diakses 19 Agustus 2016.

Sample, A. Alaric, Bixler, R. Patrick, McDonough, Maureen H, Bullard, Steven H, Snieckus, & Mary M. 2015. The Promise and Performance of Forestry Education in the United States: Results of Survey of Forestry Employers, Graduates, and Educators. Journal of Forestry, 113(6),528-537.

Santonino, M.D. 2017. Utilizing Field Trips in Aviation Business Education to Improve Student Learning. International Journal of Arts & Sciences, 9(4),669-678.

Smajdor, A., Stockl, A., & Salter, C. 2011. The Limits of Emphaty: problems in Medical Education and Practice. Journal of Medical Ethics, 37(6),380-383.

Soma, R. 2014. Using Authentic and Simplified Texts with SQ3R in Teaching Vocabulary and Reading. Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 15(1),72-83, http://ejournal.unsri.ac.id/index.php/ lingua/article/view/2001/844, diakses 31 Oktober 2017.

Sudrajat, A. 2011. Mengapa Pendidikan Karakter? Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter, I(1),47–58, https:/ /journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/jpka/article/view/1316/1094, diakses 18 Oktober 2016.

Sunarso & Paryanto. 2014. Model Pembelajaran Competence Based Training (CBT) Berbasis Karakter untuk Pembelajaran Praktik Kerja Mesin di Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan. Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter, IV (3), 281–293, https://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/jpka/article/ view/5633/4868, diakses 18 Agustus 2016.

Suranto, AW. 2014. Integrasi Pendidikan Karakter dalam Pembelajaran Mata Kuliah Komunikasi Interpersonal. Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter, IV(3),225-234, http://journal.uny.ac.id/ index.php/jpka/article/view/5586, diakses 20 Oktober 2016.

Suryanto. 2014. How Can Visual Literacy Support English Language Teaching? Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 15(1),35-43, http://ejournal.unsri.ac.id/index.php/lingua/article/view/1997/845, diakses 31 Oktober 2017.

Suwito, A. 2012. Integrasi Nilai Pendidikan Karakter ke Dalam Mata Pelajaran Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan di Sekolah melalui RPP. Jurnal Ilmiah CIVIS. II(2), 1-21.

Shafiyeva, Ulker & Kennedy, Sara. 2010. English as a Foreign Language in Azerbaijan: English Teaching in post-Soviet Era. English Today, 26(1),9-14.

Trilling, B. & Fadel, C. 2009. 21st Century Skills: Learning for Life in Our Times. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Utomo, H. 2010. Kontribusi Soft Skill dalam Menumbuhkan Jiwa Kewirausahaan.

Among Makarti, 3(5),95–104, http://jurnal.stieama.ac.id/index.php/ama/article/view/20/18, diakses 26 Oktober 2016. Vujicic, N. 2012. Unstoppable. Colorado: Water Brook Press.

Walter, T., Quint, A., Fischer, K., & Kiger, J. 2011. Active Movement Warm-Up Routines. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 82(3),23-31.

Widarto. 2012. Model Pembelajaran Soft Skill pada Pendidikan Vokasi Bidang Manufacture. Disertasi. Yogyakarta: Program Pasca Sarjana, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, tidak dipublikasikan.

Yuliani, E.R. 2015. Kebijakan Pemerintah di Bidang Pendidikan: Analisis Kebijakan Pemerintah di Bidang Pendidikan. http://ekarahmayuliani.web.unej.ac.id/2015/12/20/kebijakanpemerintah-di-bidang-pendidikan, diakses 31 Oktober 2017.

Zulnuraini. 2012. Pendidikan Karakter: Konsep, Implementasi dan Pengembangannya di Sekolah Dasar di Kota Palu. Jurnal Dikdas 1 (1), 1-11, http://pgsduntad.com/wp-content/ uploads/2014/04/Abstrak-4.pdf, diakses 20 Oktober 2016.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24832%2Fjpnk.v2i2.646

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


View My Stats

Copyright of Balitbang Kemendikbud © 2016

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.