ANALISIS IMPLEMENTASI INSTRUMEN TWO-TIER MULTIPLE CHOICE UNTUK MENGUKUR KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS

Dewi Ratnasari, Sukarmin Sukarmin, Suparmi Suparmi

Abstract


The research aimed to reveal the emergence percentage of Science Process Skill (SPS) indicator on summative test of 10th grade in Surakarta in the academic year 2015/ 2016 and to find the capable alternative assessment instruments for measuring science process skill. This research was a descriptive research through the analysis of science process skill indicators on the summative test in Surakarta academic year of 2015/2016 and physics teacher questionnaire concerned teachers’ instrument in physics learning process. Questionnaires were given to 67 Physics teachers in Surakarta and surrounding areas as samples using random sampling technique. The summative test was chosen from public and private senior secondary schools in Surakarta, representing high, medium and low-grade schools based on the average national examination score over the past 5 years. Selection of summative test sample using purposive sampling technique. The resuls show that the achievement percentage of Science Process Skill (SPS) indicators on the summative test of 10th grade in Surakarta in the academic year 2015/2016 was dominated by the skill of applying concept and skill of planning experiment has the lowest percentage. The two-tier multiple-choice assessment instrument is one of capable alternative instruments to measuring students’ science process skills. In conclusion, the low percentage of  occurance of science process skill indicator in summative test  requires  alternative instrument to measure students’ science process skill.

 

Abstrak:


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui persentase kemunculan indikator Keterampilan Proses Sains (KPS) pada soal ulangan kenaikan kelas X pada SMA/MA di Surakarta pada tahun ajaran 2015/2016 dan mengetahui instrumen penilaian alternatif yang mampu untuk mengukur keterampilan proses sains siswa. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif melalui analisis indikator keterampilan proses sains pada soal ulangan kenaikan kelas pada SMA/MA di Surakarta tahun ajaran 2015/2016 dan melalui angket tentang instrumen yang dipakai guru dalam proses pembelajaran Fisika. Angket diberikan kepada 67 guru Fisika di Surakarta dan sekitarnya sebagai sampel dengan menggunakan teknik random sampling. Soal ulangan kenaikan kelas dipilih dari SMA/MA di Surakarta baik sekolah negeri maupun swasta yang mewakili sekolah kategori tinggi, sedang, dan rendah berdasarkan rata-rata nilai UN selama 5 tahun terakhir. Pemilihan sampel soal ulangan kenaikan kelas menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan persentase kemunculan indikator KPS pada soal ulangan kenaikan kelas X di Surakarta tahun ajaran 2015/2016 didominasi oleh keterampilan menerapkan konsep dan keterampilan merencanakan percobaan memiliki persentase kemunculan terendah. Selain itu, instrumen penilaian two-tier multiple choice merupakan salah satu instrumen alternatif yang mampu mengukur keterampilan proses sains siswa. Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah masih rendahnya persentase kemunculan indikator keterampilan proses sains pada soal ulangan kenaikan kelas, sehingga diperlukan adanya alternatif instrumen yang mampu mengukur keterampilan proses sains siswa.

 

 


Keywords


assessment instrument, science process skill, summative test, two-tier multiple choice, instrumen penilaian, keterampilan proses sains, soal ulangan kenaikan kelas, two-tier multiple choice.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24832%2Fjpnk.v2i2.627

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