Penggunaan Laptop dalam Perkuliahan di Kelas Manfaat atau Mudharatkah?

Suciati Suciati, Nur Hidayah

Abstract


This study aims to assess the benefits and harms of laptops use by graduate students in the classroom learning, and to identify strategies for effective use of laptops in class. The study is exploratory, using 26 point questionnaire to collect data from 68 respondents. Results showed 73.5 percents use laptops in the classroom, the majority of users (63%) find it useful for browsing for relevant articles and making class notes. Many use laptops for activities unrelated to learning, such as browsing news, communicate through emails (16-22 percent) and chatting. Thirty percent of users reported to give only 25 to 50% of attention to the ongoing class activities. Users and non users had different views about laptops use in the classroom; some students perceive laptops use in class interfere with concentration, and can be an indication of ‘disrespect’ to the lecturers or other students. Lecturers should design the integration of laptop use within classroom learning activities to enrich the learning material, to make the classroom learning process become more interesting and effective.

 

ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengkaji manfaat dan mudharat penggunaan laptop oleh mahasiswa di dalam perkuliahan serta mengidentifikasi strategi penggunaan laptop yang efektif di dalam kelas. Penelitian ini merupakan studi eksploratori, menggunakan instrumen yang berisi 26 pertanyaan untuk mengumpulkan data dari 68 responden. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 73,5 persen pengguna laptop di dalam kelas, mayoritas (63%) merasakan manfaatnya untuk mencari artikel yang relevan dan membuat catatan kuliah. Banyak aktivitas penggunaan laptop yang tidak relevan dengan pembelajaran seperti browsingberita, chatting dan mengirim atau menjawab email (16 – 22 persen). Sebanyak tiga puluh persen pengguna hanya memberikan porsi perhatian antara 25 sampai 50 persen pada perkuliahan yang sedang berlangsung. Pengguna dan bukan pengguna laptop di kelas mempunyai perbedaan pandangan tentang manfaat atau mudharat penggunaan laptop di kelas. Beberapa mahasiswa mempersepsikan bahwa penggunaan laptop di kelas mengganggu konsentrasi, indikasi ‘rasa tidak hormat’ terhadap dosen atau teman lainnya. Dosen perlu merancang penggunaan laptop dalam aktivitas pembelajaran di kelas yang terintegrasi untuk memperkaya materi pembelajaran dan membuat proses pembelajaran menarik dan efektif.


Keywords


learning technology, laptops, perception, and technology; Teknologi pembelajaran, laptop, persepsi, dan teknologi.

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24832%2Fjpnk.v17i3.25

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