HUBUNGAN PEMAHAMAN TEORI EVOLUSI DAN TINGKAT RELIGIOSITAS DENGAN PENERIMAAN TEORI EVOLUSI (Studi pada Mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi Universitas Negeri Jakarta)

Desty Bulandari, Rusdi Rusdi, Agung Sedayu

Abstract


Many people, including academics do not consider the theory of evolution as a valid scientific theory so that the rejection of the theory of evolution emerges. The preference of Biology teacher for teaching evolution in the classroom is determined by the acceptance of such controversial topic. Indonesia as a Muslim-majority nation has implemented four core competencies (religious, social, knowledge, and skill) to be achieved by students in each lesson. Biology Education students who understand the theory of evolution in the future is expected to not avoid teaching evolution by excuse that evolution contradicts religious tenet. This study aimed to determine the correlation of evolutionary theory understanding and religiosity with evolutionary theory acceptance in Biology Education students who believe in Islam. Research conducted at State University of Jakarta in September-December 2018. The method used was a correlational survey. Data were analyzed using multiple correlation coefficient significance test. The results showed that there was a significant positive correlation of evolutionary theory understanding and religiosity with evolutionary theory acceptance. Therefore, evolution course taken by Biology Education students was needed to aware of clear understanding about evolutionary theory. In addition, educators need wide insight to not consider religiosity and evolutionary acceptance were in opposite.

Abstrak

Banyak orang termasuk akademisi tidak menganggap teori evolusi sebagai teori ilmiah yang valid sehingga timbul penolakan terhadap teori evolusi. Adapun kecenderungan guru Biologi untuk mengajarkan materi evolusi dalam kelas ditentukan oleh penerimaan terhadap materi kontroversial tersebut. Indonesia sebagai negara mayoritas Muslim menerapkan empat kompetensi inti (religius, sosial, pengetahuan, dan keterampilan) untuk dicapai siswa dalam tiap materi pembelajaran. Mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi yang memahami teori evolusi di kemudian hari diharapkan tidak menghindar dalam mengajarkan evolusi dengan dalih evolusi kontradiksi terhadap ajaran agama. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara pemahaman teori evolusi dan tingkat religiositas dengan penerimaan teori evolusi pada mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi yang beragama Islam. Metode yang digunakan adalah survei korelasional. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Universitas Negeri Jakarta pada September-Desember 2018. Data dianalisis dengan uji signifikansi koefisien korelasi berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan positif signifikan antara pemahaman teori evolusi dan tingkat religiositas dengan penerimaan teori evolusi. Oleh karena itu, pembelajaran evolusi terhadap mahasiswa Pendidikan Biologi perlu memperhatikan pemahaman mendalam tentang teori evolusi. Di samping itu, pengajar perlu berwawasan luas agar tidak menganggap religiositas dan penerimaan teori evolusi bertolak belakang.


Keywords


biology education, religiosity, theory of evolution, pendidikan Biologi, religiositas, teori evolusi i; Pemahaman; Penerimaan; Religiositas

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24832%2Fjpnk.v4i2.1215

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